Phytochemical and GC-MS Analysis of Parmelia Sulcata (Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae) As an Natural Dyes
Muzzazinah*, Awanda Elrita Putri, Nurmiyati, Alanindra Saputra

Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta


Parmelia sulcata is the largest lichen fungus family consisting of around 2,700 species spread across 80 countries. This study aims to determine whether Parmelia sulcata has potential as a natural dye to be applied to natural fiber fabrics. The research location is in Tanen Village, Kemuning, Ngargoyoso, Central Java. Sample exploration was carried out using the cruising method, the samples were analyzed using GC-MS, where from the GC-MS results there were various compounds, therefore the researcher wanted to provide laboratory test data for the chemical content of the Parmelia sulcata species. The results of the phytochemical tests and GC-MS were as follows 3,5-Dihydroxytoluene 33.77%- 2-[3^ Hydroxypropyl]-1,4-Benzenediol 3,32%- 1,3-Benzenediol, 2-Methyl 3.75%- Beta Resorcyclic Acid, 6-Methyl, Methyl Ester 1.43%- Beta Resorcyclic Acid, 6-Methyl, Methyl Ester 8.56%- 3-Cyclohexene-1-Methanol,6-1(1-Hydroxycyclopentyl)-, Cis 1.91%- Beta Resorcyclic Acid, 6-Methyl, Methyl Ester 37.15%- Acetonitrile, 9h-Pyrolo[1,2-A] Indole-9-Ylidene 1.00%- Fluoranthene-2-Carboxaldehyde 3.62%, this shows that Parmelia sulcata is not good potential to be used as a natural dye.

Keywords: Parmelia Sulcata, GC-MS, Phytochemistry, Natural Dyes, Compound Content

Topic: Biology and Biology Education

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